Children's Neurology and Neurosurgery

Female doctor smiling as she holds the arm of a baby for an exam

Inova Children's Neuroscience Program

Inova Children's Neuroscience Program is uniquely qualified to evaluate and treat neurological conditions from birth through adolescence.

Combining the expertise of Inova Children's Hospital with the specialty knowledge of Inova Neurosciences, the program features a full complement of board-certified specialists who cover all aspects of inpatient and outpatient care from diagnosis and treatment to rehabilitation and long-term follow-up.

The combined specialized expertise of Inova's pediatric neurologists, pediatric neurosurgeons, pediatric critical care physicians, pediatric hematologist/oncologists, pediatric neuropsychologists, pediatric psychiatrists forms the foundation of care excellence. Beyond this clinical care, extensive ancillary services and programs help children and families throughout their experience. Child Life specialists, social workers, physical, occupational and speech therapists, nutritionists and support groups all contribute to the care experience.

A Ronald McDonald House is located on the campus of Inova Fairfax Hospital so families can stay close to their hospitalized child. There is little or no cost to the family.

Contact us

For more information about Inova's pediatric neuroscience services, call 703-776-4700.

Our Team

Expertise and compassion

At Inova Children's Hospital, our surgeons bring expertise and compassion to the complex care they provide children with neurosurgical needs.

Our neurosurgeons, Leon Moores, MD and John Myseros, MD, are fellowship trained with years of experience. They are experts in caring for children with brain tumors, spinal tumors and deformities, craniofacial and congenital abnormalities, epilepsy and other diseases and disorders of the brain and spine.

Doctors Moores and Myseros lead a pediatric neuro-trauma team that is skilled in treating the most urgent of cases, including interventions for trauma and pediatric stroke. They work within multi-disciplinary teams that include anesthesia, neurology, plastic and reconstructive surgery, hematology/oncology, genetics, rehabilitation, and any other needed specialty to provide the best outcomes for our patients.

Specialized Programs and Services

We specialize in both pediatric neurology and pediatric neurosurgery

Pediatric Neurology

The specialists at Inova Children's Hospital are experts in treating a broad range of pediatric neurological disorders. From the management of epilepsy and seizures to advanced concussion care, the Inova Children's Neurology team is here for you and your child.

Neurology conditions treated:

  • Batten disease
  • Concussion
  • Development delay
  • Epilepsy
  • New onset seizures
  • Guillain Barre syndrome
  • Headache/migraine
  • Infantile spasms
  • Intracranial hypertension (pseudotumor crebri)
  • Mitochondrial encephalomyopathies
  • Movement disorders
  • Dystonias
  • Ataxias
  • Choreoathetosis
  • Tremors
  • Tics
  • Muscular dystrophy
  • Myasthenia gravis
  • Neurocutaneous syndromes
  • Neurodegenerative diseases
  • Neuromuscular disorders
  • Peripheral neuropathies
  • Postural orthostatic tachycardia syndrome (POTS)
  • Pseudotumor cerebri (intracranial hypertension)
  • Seizures
  • Sleep disorders
  • Spinal muscular atrophy
  • Strokes and vascular anomalies
  • Tourette syndrome
  • Tuberous sclerosis

Pediatric Neurosurgery

Conditions treated by Inova pediatric neurosurgeons:

  • Congenital malformations of the brain and spine (spina bifida, tethered spinal chord, chiari malformations)
  • Craniofacial abnormalities
  • Tumors of the brain, spine and peripheral nerves
  • Vascular malformations of the brain and spine
  • Epilepsy
  • Movement disorders
  • Spinal deformities
  • Hydrocephalus

Fetal Care Program for Neurological Conditions

Using a multidisciplinary approach of specialty physicians and nurses, Inova's Fetal Care Program provides prenatal consultation and pediatric care planning for pregnant women identified as carrying babies with spina bifida and other neurological abnormalities, birth defects or medical problems.

The program provides the advantage of high-risk pregnancy expertise available at Inova Women's Hospital with our pediatric surgical and medical specialties.

Learn more about Inova's Fetal Care Program 

Conditions and Treatments

Conditions treated by Inova physicians

Inova's children's neuroscience program has the expertise to evaluate and treat a wide range of neurological conditions in children of all ages. Among the conditions we treat are:

  • Benign and malignant brain and spinal tumors, including:
    • Gliomas
    • Blastomas
    • Pharyngiomas
    • Atypical Teratoid/Rhabdoid Tumor (AT/RT)
  • Retinoblastoma
  • Epilepsy and movement disorders
  • Concussion and traumatic brain injury
  • Craniofacial abnormalities
  • Spinal malformations and injuries
  • Chiari malformation
  • Cerebral palsy and spasticity
  • Other pediatric brain and spinal cord conditions and diseases
Diagnostic Tests

Inova offers a full range of neurodiagnostics for children

Neurodiagnostics are the testing of the brain, spinal cord and peripheral nervous system. A wide range of neurodiagnostic testing is available at Inova Children's Hospital.

Neurodiagnostics are offered for:

  • Acute onset of stupor/coma
  • Acute paralysis
  • Concussion and traumatic brain injury (TBI)
  • Congenital anomalies of the central nervous system
  • Epilepsy
  • Headache
  • Movement disorders
  • Sleep disorders
  • Spinal cord injuries
  • Stroke

Diagnostic services include:

  • CT (computed tomography)
  • EEG
  • EMG
  • Evoked potentials/response
  • Intraoperative CT
  • Intraoperative evoked potential monitoring
  • MRI and fetal MRI
  • Sleep studies